Human rights report: senegal

hi it’s Kelsey and I’m going to be talking about my human rights report on Senegal so Senegal is in western Africa and as you can see it is bordered by Mauritania Mali Guinea Bissau Guinea and the Gambia which is actually inside of Senegal overall I give Senegal a b-minus in terms of Human Rights and I’ll explain that in this video about my website so a few facts about Senegal um here are just some like this it’s statistics about Senegal but some of the most interesting facts I found was in terms of the language the official language of Senegal is French but less than 20% of the population speaks it in fact only about one to two percent of the female Senegalese population speaks it in about 15 to 20 percent of the male Simon please population the most common language is bola which is opened by about 80% of Senegalese people but there are over thirty six official languages in Senegal another fact is that the unemployment rate is 48 percent in Senegal which is so drastic and this is due to the fact that there is a lot of education especially for women and so a lot of children and women work in unofficial unskilled labor domestic jobs now for some historical background about Senegal it was originally a French colony and went through a few years of being parts of different Federation’s like the Mali Federation which only lasted a few months and then the Sena Gambia which lasted a few years before Senegal broke often became its own Democratic Republic it was ruled by the Socialist Party for four years in the twentieth century but now is just a presidential democracy and the current president is President Sall so the first human rights issue is forced child begging um there are a lot of Quranic schools in Senegal and a lot of them are valid schools and teach children but the fact that there is a lot of regulation of these schools in Senegal creates an opportunity for people who want to exploit children so people open schools under the impression that they’ll teach children but in fact they force children to go out on the street every day and beg for money or food and then beat them if they don’t reach this quota that they’ve set um and the physical I guess conditions that the kids are in are horrible and really unsafe and led to eight boys being killed in 2013 when one of these schools burnt down which led the government to try to put their foot down and try to reg you regulate the schools more but nothing has really come of it another human rights issue is freedom of expression specifically in relation to music and rap and um local news so two rappers both in songs and rap and in speeches have criticized the previous president president wave who served from 2000 to 2012 and were wrongfully arrested and detained and threatened for speaking out against the government also on the national news station lots of newscasters are afraid to report breaking news that might look bad reflect badly on the government because they’re afraid of being threatened and losing their job so in that sense freedom of expression isn’t really guaranteed in Senegal because people are afraid if they say something they’ll be hurt now in terms of women’s rights on paper gender equality in Senegal seems great basic human rights are set out in the Constitution saying that many women have equal rights and there’s also this thing called the gender parity law which says that the number of nominated candidates for elected local office need to be equal in terms of gender which some people see as great some people don’t because the fact is that a lot of girls and lot of women aren’t educated in Senegal because a lot of children don’t go to school and specifically a lot of girls drop out to work outside the home and so while this law is great for ensuring opportunity at the level of elected official there aren’t a lot of women in all who are actually educated enough to become part of that class and part of that position as long as people want to see more action in education as opposed to this type of law so here are some images of boys in a qur’anic school um and here’s another photo of senegalese children in school almost 40% of Senegalese children don’t go to school and that number increases as children age and this is a photo of a Senegalese woman who um who is helped by the organization plan International which gives money to people in Senegal who want to start their own businesses um LGBTQ rights in Senegal are not so great um in 2015 7 gay men were arrested for homosexual acts which is really a blow to the anti hiv/aids I guess movement because they HIV is strongly linked to the queer community so people who need medical help are afraid to come out and say that they need medical help because they don’t want to be added and they don’t want to be arrested and as you can see here with a young gay man community um in the past 10 years HIV has increased dramatically one NGO working in Senegal is Plan International and plans 3 I guess tenants of work in Senegal has to do with youth economic empowerment education and health as I said education is not like widely participated in I guess in Senegal and so Plan International tries to promote education and keeping kids in school so overall I gave Senegal a b-minus because on paper it seems like a fairly equal or fairly I guess like progressing country but society is really what is holding human rights and send the call back and society’s catch up with the way that the laws in Senegal work which is why I gave something all a b-minus I hope you enjoyed listening Thanks

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