6. Human Rights Lecture: Section 1: Human Rights: Concept and Content: p. 17-24

to freedom the pursuit of happiness bah the government has a corresponding duty and this is what’s important because he says which is the first bold in the middle of the page which may secure to them the end for which government was first erected government was put into place government was first erected we meaning we entered into this state of the social so that government could protect the population protect them from what protect them from themselves it’s sort of weird to say it like that in a hope I mean the train of thought is there it might be a little difficult to see it but if I’m going too fast just go back and watch it a little bit you in a poky little trigger but remember we said in a priest social state it’s survival of the fittest so strong to survive life is brutish short blood red it’s chaos it’s it’s winner takes all that is out of species level unsustainable because we’ll kill each other up we contract in more mental beings we contract in based on sort of psychological egoism self-preservation we contract into the social we do that precisely so that we can survive and we give that duty that obligation to protect so the government right so now the government is obligated with that that’s why they were first erected and without which ancient names and species forms are so far from being better that they are worse that they are much worse than the state of nature or pure anarchy so what in the world is all of that mean there is a right the people like the masses have a right to and we just jumped right in it right this is Ivan structure the text this comes out of west of themself the author of the session of the edited work we have a right the people have a right to revolt when our governments do not fulfill their social contract and there could be a much much more in-depth sort of articulation of what that means the one of the prima facie obligations that all governments irrespective of where in the world that you live has is in so far as gate a team the sovereign status they are obligated to protect members of their population which is precisely why and I dugem science fellowship professionally which is precisely why genocide is such a horrendous app right genocide violates on earth on a number of levels the social contract theory right genocide it’s it’s like the abuse of dad right insofar as you have the title dad you are bound to protect your family right if someone comes and tries to harm the family that’s supposed to protect the family against the bad guys there’s nothing worse than the dad that comes home and abuses his family because he’s abusing not only the family but he’s mr. representing the title right insofar as you wear the title dad just supposed to fulfill that role in so far as you assume the title sovereign then you have to fulfill the role of protecting the people if you fail this is what it’s the saying if you failed to protect the people you no longer have the right to that name sovereign and the people have a right to usurp your power right so that’s the clearest I can make that it’s a pretty epic passage which is precisely why I chose it to make sense of it for those of you that are reading along the text and hopefully that makes that makes more sense so um quote this comes out of this comes out of Weston and obviously this first bit was from was from was from Locke and this is what lesson says the state’s failure to secure these rights gives rise to a right to responsible popular revolutions right weston legitimizes that by he doesn’t directly appeal to a this was me going into lot to find where Weston was referencing but Weston legitimizes that statement that quote this states of failure to secure these rights gives rise to a right to responsible popular revolutions right so you have to think about it um now we’re getting deep you know we’re like what we’re like 45 minutes into the lecture now and already we’re talking about the right of the people to revolt right so it’s important to recognize that the people conceptually speaking have this right and this right services only and precisely at the moment when the government fails to meet its obligations as sovereign in a different lecture I could conceivably discuss what all those rights are but I’ll leave that discourse or for others in the and the community last bit for this first section is the challenge to natural law theory alright so the challenges to natural law theory number one many were concerned that a discussion on natural rights would lead to social of people right a lot of people were concerned that the discussion of natural rights would lead to social upheaval it sounds in a pejorative sense just to be fair to the other side of the argument it sounds in a pejorative sense that when I say that I have invites individual evokes individual evokes rights knowing that insofar as i evoke rights I immediately revoke a course one duty which is an obligation then in so far as I hope this right by your token obligation enterprise on a Vulcan obligation that obligation is attributed is placed on some party also an institution like that obligation is an obligation that must be has to be assumed and so far as I have oppressed so ends up happening first point on the challenge to the National all today was like listen well this becomes a condition for social unrest it could be the case that it’s not that the state has actually failed the population the state is doing its best to protect the population to educate the population and so on but there is a perception among members within this population that the state is failing and then they just they evoke the rights to revolution they have hope to write to revolt against the sovereign and then you have rioting in the streets soon you know we have carnage but this this is the canal this is a condition for debate all right this is formalized that secret condition for debate if we assume via natural law theory that there is an inalienable right within and among the masses to revolt against the sovereign once the sovereign has failed to facilitate its obligations to those rights then we have to recognize that that failure becomes key right that becomes this is this is I’m not going to go too deep because I already I got a little opaque but if we’re saying that the population the masses have a right and we see that Weston legitimize his claim based on a passenger lock which I’m giving you a link to and i just spent quite a bit of time explaining that we have to recognize that this has to be a real failure it can’t be the perception of a failed state because then all that you have is energy and mass carnage and then the state has an obligation to protect let other people by by getting rid of the people who would undermine the power of the state so I mean it’s not an easy discussion to have it all conceptually right and this is I think this is where we can especially for all the contemporary room holds that have been going on throughout the globe and everything I’ve ever done on my youtube channel from jose ortega cassettes remote so the masses you keep my first series pedagogy of the oppressed nature’s will to power now my human rights series there’s a personality of steam here the balance however it’s a very delicate balance because on the one hand individuals the masses can evoke a right and claim that state has failed and use that perception of failure to quote-unquote legitimize revolt but if the State Building hasn’t failed the state also has a right to its existence and insofar as individuals are attempting to usurp the power of the state this thing has an obligation to to act accordingly difficult difficult conceptual debate to have if this was an introductory lecture I would investigate that concept more but i think if when I just said made sense then we’re good I